"I had three chairs in my house; one for solitude, two for friendship, three for society." -Henry David Thoreau (1854)

星期六, 4月 24, 2010

【日記】Good Thing That We Love a Challenge.


今年的桐花開得特別地早,禮拜三,當我很悠閒地在銅鑼五峰山上打轉拍攝桐花時,老媽打電話來說我彰師大錄取了!我心想還要考到托福TOEFL 600 或雅思IELTS 7 才算真正的錄取呢,不過當下還是很高興當初考試有堅持考完。回想在彰師大考英文科時,肚子貌似因為緊張直打滾,一陣一陣地翻轉,但這種考試可不能舉手跟老師說我要上廁所。用意志力撐完了五十分鐘,差點就要在內褲上開花了。後來的幾節科目也不盡理想,尤其是英翻中,在太困難的題目上打轉,漏失掉簡單的題目沒有翻譯完,...總之,能夠順利錄取算是帶有幾分運氣。


禮拜四早上起來睡眼惺忪地盥洗後,發現手機裡多了好幾通未接來電。日前因為等放榜時百般無聊,有點沉不住氣開啟了E04奴隸銀行104人力銀行的履歷,保險業還有股票上市的促銷人員像禿鷹般飢渴地轟炸過我的信箱還有手機,所以即使有未接來電也有點不在意。結果這通電話意外地改變了接下來的幾個月生活。


三月底時,台中工業區勞工局在徵臨時翻譯,取四名正取、備取兩名,很不幸地我落榜了。猜測其中的原因大概是因為我沒有專業知識。這個工作的內容是要負責接待中東國家的學生,像CNC、車床、網路規劃師或是烘培等,把講師的授課內容口譯,還有教材翻譯成英文。


這個禮拜四中午我回撥電話,電話另外一端的大叔問我有沒有空,下午去台中面談一下,結果就確定了開始上班。後來才知道備取的一位前輩負荷不了離職,由我來接替,我剛好是備取三,所以沒有列在公開的名單上,如此一來工作到七月底,順利的話九月開學我就去念彰師了!


記得看過《人造衛星情人》,書中的女主角小堇是個想要以寫作為職志的尼特族青年。平常隨性打扮的她被一位女紅酒商相中當上助理後,開始打扮穿上套裝、戒掉煙癮、過著辦公室生活,形容自己處在一個「一轉身可能就會認不出來自己」 的人生階段,我想自己也處在那個微妙的摸門特,隨著年歲增長無可避免的那珍貴微小的可能性就會消失。比方說成為一個戰鬥機駕駛、太空人或是求學時那段最美好的時光再重新來過一次,...以我得過癌症的經歷來說是不能當航空管制員享受民航機噴射引擎在遠方怒吼、別著識別證指揮飛機的日子了。


下個禮拜要幫VIP開訓致詞逐步口譯,據說外交部也會派亞太司的部長級官員參加。還有托福、雅思要考,真是令人倍感壓力的工作,但是不知道為什麼卻令人覺得十分興奮,像是Resident Evil: Extinction  的Alice 在山丘上眺望著遠處像是螞蟻般數以萬具的殭屍時,她說了:「Good thing we like a challenge」﹝幸好我們喜歡挑戰困難﹞

星期一, 4月 19, 2010

Taiwan: Workers protest against the sweatshop-like working conditions


Recently, Young Fast Optoelectronics is accused by the trade union (YFOTU) for over-hours, long over-time extensively, and that YFO hires large numbers of migrant workers and "intern" child-labors, also, YFO layoff the cadres and members in the excuse of "the business suffers an operating loss or contraction” while others have to work overtime on weekends.



反對血淚科技,拒買HTC



 汪英達, a social movement activist, nicknamed "Karl Max" posted on洋華光電產業工會-Young Fast Optoelectronics Trade Union (YFOTU) blog has the story:


YFO in Taoyuan County is one of the biggest manufacturers of touch panel in the world, and its major orders are from HTC, Samsung, LG and other world-known big brands. YFO, who has around 1,400 workers in Taiwan and around 3,000 in China and Vietnam, has once rushed to over NT$500 (approximately $15.68) per share in the stock market,....Beyond the stunning profit and the luxury "pride of Taiwan" mobile phones is a miser-able labor condition. YFO calculate the overtime illegally and pay less overtime for several thousands NT dollars per month for every worker, so the workers in YFO work overtime for more than 100 hours and earn only roughly NT30,000 ($941) per month. YSO is also suspected to lower the amount of labor and health insurance and hire a large number of migrant workers and young workers under 16 in the name of "interns".


The workers in YFO could no longer stand the labor condition and established a trade union on December, 2009, but YFO sabotaged the union by transferring a production line to China and dismissed 5 union cadres (2 executive board members, 2 board members, and 1 auditor) and more than 10 members altogether.


People Post (公民新聞平台), a citizen journalism website, reported on March 17th: While YFO lay-off labors protested at the Labor of Council (LOC), the CEO of National Indigenous Labor 朱維立 claimed that YFO spoke frankly to LOC that " (we) shall not be too generous to the trade union. And if Government of Taiwan put a finger on the issue, we would invest on other countries and China instead."

2010年3月17日洋華光電工會遭解雇員工到勞委會陳情,勞委會主管機關隨即與資方做溝通,資方坦言「不能對工會太仁慈,若台灣政府管太多,就去海外與 大陸投資」。

On April 4th, a surnamed user wrote a post on Young Fast Optoelectronics Trade Union (YFOTU) blog, published by "Karl Max" cited that he is a 53 -year- old single father, with sons and a daughter to arise:

我是○○○,洋華光電產業工會的一份子。在去年的這個時候,我還只是一個普通的作業員,幾個月前我們成立了工會,這件事突然讓我明白,原來我一直想要的, 並不是什麼遙不可及的,也不是什麼偉大的理想。

I am 0oo, one of Young Fast Optoelectronics Trade Union (YFOTU) members. I used to be a normal worker last year, and we have set up a union few months ago. It makes me understand that all I want is not something big and far away.


我已經53歲了,在來到洋華之前,我換過幾個工作,最後來到洋華應徵的時候,公司告訴我:「我們這裡要配合廠商(如宏達電)的訂單季節,經常要加班趕單 喔!你可以配合嗎?」我二話不說馬上就答應了。為甚麼我願意配合加班?因為我是一個單親爸爸,那時候我的女兒才剛上高中,兩個兒子還在念國小,一個快五十 歲的失業中年人,能奢望什麼更好的條件?我是真的需要這份薪水。


I'm 53 years old. Before joining Young Fast, I had few jobs. When I had an interview in Young Fast, the interviewer asked me whether I can work overtime in the business season for the dealers (such as HTC) I said yes without any hesitation, becasue I am a single father, my daughter just went to senior high school and my 2 sons still studied at elementary school. A 50 something jobless middle-age man, what can I ask for more? I am desperately long for this salary.

...洋華的正常工時號稱是週一到週五,但大家都知道,一年裡面有12個月,我們週六日都要加班,訂單量大的時候,每個人平均一個月只休息3天,這些都是事實。

... The office hour is said to be from Monday to Friday, but everyone knows that we have to work on weekends most of the time. When the company have big cases, each of us has only 3 days off on average. And that is the truth.
...如果可以,我永遠都不會想去跟公司對立。我真的希望能在洋華好好做下去。每天我都戰戰兢兢,在工作上我不會犯一點錯誤,就是因為我是真心希 望能和公司一起打拼,把我的兒女好好養大。我要的並不多,我配合了公司要求的一切,我只希望公司能把該給的,最基本的、符合法律要求的報酬給我。然而,我 沒想到這麼單純的願望,竟然這麼曲折困難,....

...if possible, I would never be against the company. I do hope I can carry on my career in Young Fast. Every single day, I try to be very careful and not to make any mistakes. I want to give my best to Young Fast and raise my children. I am not greedy, for I have done everything I could to meet what they ask for. The only thing I hope for is they pay me what I have deserted by the law. However, it is too difficult to fulfill dispite of just a simple hope...

因為訂單量爆增,洋華在短時間內擴張得太快,中間的管理階層卻還是停留在傳統的軍事化管理,當我們的主管接到上面通知:「這個月內產量要趕出來!」他們為 了衝高產量就會逼我們每天延長下班時間,又把週末、國定假日的休假都取消,叫我們來工廠趕工。

Due to increasing orders, Young Fast has expanded quickly, middle management still treat us as if we were in the army. When our manager is told by the surpior that we have certain product goal by the month, our weekend, holidays and leaves are all cancelled and office hour delayed. We have to work over hours.

...以前只要週六日加班,每天薪水就能多加五百元。一個月拼一點不要休息,就能多三、四千元,算一算一個月就有三萬四、五了。...後來,公司竟然改成,週末兩天都要加班才能加五百!再後來五百元完全取消了,如果不去加班還會威脅我們要倒扣!結果現在每個月做到要死要活,每天都12個 小時,星期六星期日還要來,整個月下來只能領到三萬一、三萬二....

In the past, we had 500NTD bonus (about 15.9 USD) a day for extra works on weekends. Without any holidays there would be 3 or 4 thousand dollars more, and there will be around 34 thousand something per month... then, the rule changed, we had to work both on Saturday and Sunday and got only 500 NTD. At last, we had no bonus at all. If we don't go to work, they would threaten to dock our pay... In the end, we work 12 hours a day, and have to go to work on Sat and Sun, and we have only about 31 thousands NTD...

我們公司的員工餐廳,每到假日,就有很多幼童在那裡看電視,難道是因為公司的電視比較好看嗎?就是因為公司強迫加班,我們的員工裡面有很多單親媽媽、或者 沒辦法請人顧小孩的弱勢家庭,所以他們只好把小孩帶來員工餐廳,把小孩丟在那裡看電視,下班再接他們回家....

Our canteen is always full of kids sitting around and wathing TV on holidays. Is it because TV in our company is worth watching? Due to those extra forced work, many single mother of our employees and family with low incomes have to bring their children to the canteen and leave them alone to watch TV, and bring them home after work ...

我很希望公司的高層主管,你們能聽見我們的心聲,當你們迎接國際大廠的訂單笑呵呵的時候,你們的員工卻已經快走光了,就是因為你們的主管長期使用高壓的管 理方法。不但強迫我們加班、假日工作,犯一點小錯就會被辱罵、約談,動不動就扣錢,管理的制度和薪資明細都很不透明,讓很多同事都心生不滿。...

I do hope that the high rank manager would listen to our voice. When you are smiling and having good time in making big money from international big company, you almost lost your workers. And that is because your managers have been forcing us to work overhours and take lifts on weekends. Whenever we made a slight mistake, we would be summoned and scolded. Our wages have been deducted frequently, and we are all angry with the way they treat us and the unspecified wage detail as well. ...

我不是刁民,我只是有太多的疑惑,我想問問還在廠內的同仁,難道你們沒有跟我一樣的疑惑:為甚麼不能用更人性化的方式管理?為甚麼加班費不 按照合法的計算方式給我們?為甚麼國定假日和颱風假,都不讓我們放假?為甚麼我們只是向上面反應說要求法律明 定的權益,就要被約談,接下來反應的人就會被調到清潔大隊、如果繼續反應,還會被資遣?

I am not a wayward worker. I just have too many questions that I'd like to ask those who are still working for YFO. Why they cannot treat us more like a human? What is the catch they would not give our wages by the law? How come we don't have days off on holidays and typhoon days? Why is that when we ask for some privilege by the law, and would be summoned, and end up with tranform to cleaning crew, or even be laid off ?

為甚麼公司的人資、管理人員,好像從來沒受過什麼「人力資源管理」的專業訓練,也沒聽過《勞基法》是什麼?當他們要叫我們工作的時 候,不擇手段的逼迫恐嚇,但當我們拿著白紙黑字的法律去問他們:為甚麼扣我這些錢,這是違法的,請把我的錢還我。他們卻能輕鬆愉快的說:一切合法!

Why is that human resource and management behaves as if they haven't been trained? Nor did they hear of Labor Standard Act? When they asked us to work, they do everything they could to threaten us. Note while we take the law to ask them why they had our wages deducted, and ask them to give back our money. They could still say that everything is leagal.

所以,我們工會剛成立時,根本沒有什麼激烈的動作還是抗議,一開始,我們只是溫和的向公司提出一些訴求,拜託公司能安排一些時間跟我們談 談,讓工會代表(幹部)能請公假,去服務其他辛苦工作的同仁,拿回一些他們被積欠的薪水和福利,我後來去翻書,才知道這都是工會法明文保障我們的權利,公 司如果不准假都是違法的。

Therefore, when we formed our union. There is no intense action or protest. At the beginning, we just present our request to the company. We beg the authority to arrange a meeting with us, to allow our representative to have a paid leave, in order to help others to get the unpaid wages and benifits back. Later I found out it was the lawful rights by the Acts of Union, it is against the law if the company doesn't allow to.

...當主管知道我們成立工會的時候,氣得把那些帶頭的幹部約談,破口大罵我們這些技術員:「沒有資格組工會」,在他眼中,根本不覺得我們這些沒 學歷又沒地位的低層員工,有資格組織起來要求這些東西,更沒有資格擔任工會幹部。我很想問問大家,為什麼洋華的主管要那麼瞧不起我們現場技術員的人格和能 力?...

...When the managers knew that we formed the union, they were mad at the leader of the union. They scolded at us, and said that we don't have right to form the union. In his point of view, we either have education or social class, to have the right to form the union to demand somthing. Nor the right to be the union leader. I'd like to ask why YFO want to despise us, as a technician worker?...

我以前以為,那些會出來上街頭、爭權益的人,要得都太多了。直到今天,我才知道,原來我只是想被當作「人」看而已。

I used to think those who went on street and fought for their rights have gone to far. Now I know I just want to be treated like a human.

...我不想對抗公司,也不想傷害任何人,說我們想把公司搞垮、害大家沒工作, 那是不可能的。...,我對這份工作只有最卑微的請求:請公司把我們當成「人」看。遵守法律最低的規定,讓我們休息,付我們足夠的薪水可以養 家,就只是這樣,就只是這樣,我要的就只是這樣。

I don't want to oppose the company and do harm to anybody. It is no way that we want to make the company go bankrupcy and make everyone lose job. I only hope that the YFO treat us like a human, and allow us to have a holiday, pay us sufficient money to raise our family, that's all, that's all, that's all I need...

Blogger 蟲鳴, who works for another union, elaborate his view on his blog:

主要是,洋華的面版的主要客戶是 HTC,HTC對洋華的態度,可以決定洋華如何對待員工。然後今天洋華基本上就是吃定工會,兩次的勞資調解,洋華甚至於說出,不能對工會客氣這種話。基本 上,從內部進行,洋華工會對洋華基本上是沒有可以談的空間了,洋華現在對工會就是,誰當工會幹部,就把誰資遣。

The main customer of Young Fast Optoelectronics is HTC. The way HTC treats Young Fast descide how Young Fast treats their workers. Young Fast determines to eat its trade union alive. In the twice accommodation, Young Fast dare to say that no mercy to its trade union. In other words, there is no room for negotiation between the labour and the company. Young Fast would fire whosever served as a leadership in the trade union.

洋華工會基本上不是像一些傳統工會,是因為工作條件優渥而產生的,而是因為工作條件太惡劣,為了爭取工人權益而產生的。因此洋華工會的工會幹部都是基層的 藍領工作者,面對資遣,他們並沒有太多的籌碼。而洋華公司透過壓榨工人的勞動條件,得到了較低的成本跟商業競爭優勢,並成為重要的面版供應廠。換言之不合 理的犧牲員工並打壓勞工,讓洋華有了更多的成本優勢。

YFO trade union, unlike a conventional good working condition one, is there due to the bad working condition. YFO trade union is born to struggle for worker's right. Therefore the members for YFO trade union are all blue-collar workers, they don't have many chips to bargain. Young Fast in this case, gained the competitive advantage by exploiting labors to get lower cost and business prioirty. By doing so, it managed to become one of the important panel suppliers. In other words, the unreasonable treatment toward labors help Young Fast to gain much prioirty on cost effitiveness.

在產業鍊上,洋華能夠供應HTC價格滿意的商品,同時也意味著,HTC採購 的面版,基本上是血汗工廠所生產的血汗面版。因此,我們可以完全的說HTC在要求下游供應商應該合法合理的對待勞工完全沒有責任嗎?

On the supplier chain, Young Fast provides HTC goods with a reasonable price. That is to say what HTC purchased are panels that produced by sweatshops. Therefore we doubt the responsibility that HTC should demand its supplier to treat their workers fairly.

HTC 對洋華不進行要求跟約束,無疑的就是做出一種可怕的宣示,那就是HTC不在乎採購的產品是否道德,是否來自血汗工廠,只要價格低廉跟好用就好。

HTC doesn't contain Young Fast, which means they disregard the fact whether their products came from a sweatshop or not, as long as the price and the quality matter.

While government of Taiwan promotes Economic Cooperation Framework Agreements (ECFA) with China, the fact that more and more companys invest their money in China, and Taiwanese labors suffer from wage deduction and being laid off. The truth is that the company is still profitable, said Hsieh Chuang-chih (謝創智), the Taiwan Confederation of Trade Unions secretary-general in an interview with Liberal Times. GVers Taiwan will continue to focus on this issue.

星期二, 4月 13, 2010

【新聞】路透記者之死



二00七年巴格達,兩名阿帕契攻擊型直昇機組員發現一群攜帶AK-47步槍及火箭砲的伊拉克叛亂份子,請示上級指示後開火,造成了十多名無辜的平民死傷,包含了兩名幼童還有路透社的攝影記者,事後發現謂的火箭筒只是長鏡頭的相機。美國軍方發言人堅稱這是因為路透記者「捲入」了交戰區域,然而隨著事實與目擊者的指稱,真相一點一滴的揭露,整起事件的面貌變得撲朔迷離。


以揭露政府及企業弊端聞名的非營利組織維基瀝士﹝Wikileaks﹞在本月的二號公開了這段令人震驚的影片:




以副駕駛所見到的機密影像解密,該名直昇機的駕駛對著毫無敵意的人群恣意地開槍砲掃射後,對著在地上負傷試圖爬離現場的路透記者憤恨的說,「你只要撿拾起槍我們就可以殺你了!」甚至對著隨後一輛經過,試圖救援的無武裝廂型車開火,造成車上兩名小孩受傷。隨後抵達的一名法新社戰地攝影記者在紐約時報上投書,斥責美軍濫殺無辜:「美軍直升機似乎針對著該地區任何聚集的人群開火。當我下車後要拍照,人們便聚集過來,然後美軍直升機便開始掃射了。我們趴下尋找掩護,機砲射中附近的房屋」


MSNBC 邀請了維基瀝市的創辦人之一朱利安‧阿桑吉﹝Julian Assange﹞上節目訪談,提到揭露此段影片的目的,他說:「這段影像讓人們見證現代戰爭空戰的殘酷,戰爭使得美軍的人性腐敗,在運用高科技的戰具時像在以人命堆積的電玩遊戲中,試圖得到最高分」朱利安並且指責,「根據交戰法,敵員負傷時應該允以捕獲並且審訊,然而在影片中武裝直昇機的對話卻令人髮指,“撿拾起槍我們就可以殺你了” 的想法讓扣板機像是個玩電動玩具的小孩。」


美軍國安局顧問布萊特﹝Brett MCGurk﹞則提供了軍方的意見:「影片中拍攝日期四月到六月,地點是巴格達南方,熱區中的熱區,有火箭筒還有各式各樣的精良武器。戰爭的情勢每況愈下,每天都有人傷亡,之前還有直昇機被擊落,所以聽到駕駛員的對話是情有可原的。影片沒有拍到的是附近的地面部隊正在保護並且疏散平民... 」


當被問到美國每個月花了一千兩百萬在中東戰事,然而傳出來的畫面、失控的戰事卻令人感到羞愧時,布萊特辯稱,在影片拍攝的當下,美軍正試圖控制群眾秩序,並且掃蕩叛亂份子。流出的影片的確是令人感到悲傷,但歷史學家會幫他們正名,相信是非自有公斷。


英國衛報非常的不以為然,以美軍在巴基斯坦出動無人載具爲例子,評論相較於美國前朝政府的先發制人〈Preemptive Strike〉的布希主義,還有惡名昭彰的關達那摩灣監獄刑求逼供,歐巴馬主義則是採用了「殺無赦」〈Kill, Don't Ask〉的方式濫殺無辜。根據巴基斯坦官方的統計數字指出,2009年平均每個月有58名平民死於無人載具的空中攻擊。無人載具「掠奪者」共出動了44次,只有五次目標經確認是吻合的,換來的成果是超過七百位平名的無辜傷亡。


讀者的回應也呈現兩極化,是一名評論者Mauryan說道:

這些伊斯蘭好戰份子已經宣戰了,死掉的人是因為戰死的。他們沒有穿著可供辨識的軍服而且傾向躲在平民與洞窟中,如果在戰時,他們早就被鎖定而且射殺了。這些兇猛的野獸根本不會遵守國際公法或是日內瓦戰俘宣言。當他們"俘虜"了敵方士兵,會把眼睛刨出來,剝皮並處以釘刑。這些伊斯蘭好戰份子無可救藥且不值得同情,...我很高興有無人載具,對於駕駛員的性命無虞,遠端遙控而且更重要的是精準的擊中目標。與戰機、轟炸機比較起來誤傷的比率已經算低了。無人載具與精準炸藥是未來科技,讓這些叛亂份子無所遁形,高科技是唯一對付這些好戰份子的好方法,而我支持這麼做。




一名路透記者之死揭露出許多戰場上的陰暗面,維基瀝士影片的揭露讓承平歲月的美國人目睹了美軍違反了交戰法則、官方試圖掩飾真相與粉飾太平。無論輿論支持或反對這些從空中而來的不對稱戰爭,在阿富汗、在巴基斯坦、在美國軍旗飄揚的地方,這些高科技殺人機器高高在上像掠食動物般盤旋攻擊,取代了在戰場上英勇奮戰的大兵,成為了不痛不癢的代理人,再多美麗的砌詞與堂而皇之的理由也掩蓋不了這些猙獰的事實。

  
Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give the appearance of solidity to pure wind- George Orwell
政治語言目的在於讓謊言聽起來像是真的,讓謀殺變得高尚,空談卻似如有其事。-- 喬治‧歐威爾

星期一, 4月 05, 2010

【社會觀察】死刑是唯一的解套?

來說一個真實的故事。


美國亞利桑那州馬力庫帕郡有著一個號稱全美國最嚴苛的監獄,負責監獄刑務的警長喬‧阿帕歐﹝Joe Arpaio﹞。這裡的犯人全部住帳棚搭的監獄,嚴禁色情書刊,並且把健身器材全部撤走。除了普遍級的電影外,沒有任何娛樂。喬說,「這些囚犯是進來償還欠社會的債,不是來練肌肉好讓有一天出去攻擊平民百姓的。」




他也讓囚犯戴上腳鐐,並且從事社區服務公共建設來節省納稅人的支出。為了避免性別歧視,警長也幫女性囚犯銬上腳鐐,一視平等。



警長甚至考慮把無線電視第四台拿掉,但是發現聯邦監獄法規定要有第四台,於是警長喬把電視機掛上,只准看兩個頻道:「迪士尼、氣象預報台」;當被問到為什麼要看氣象預報時,他回答:「這樣這些白痴在外面高熱的天氣下工作時才會知道溫度幾度」。喬也在監獄停止供應咖啡,他認為咖啡沒有營養而且浪費人民納稅。當受刑人抗議這個不合理的待遇時,喬回答說:「這裡不是五星級飯店,如果你不喜歡,出去就不要再回來」


鳳凰城初夏的氣溫達到攝氏四十六度的高溫,住在帳棚監獄的犯人准許穿政府公發的粉紅色短褲,聊天談話。一個犯人抱怨他們簡直活在火爐裡頭,一點也不人道。但喬有一套他自己的理論,說道:「犯人應該為他們所犯的罪付出代價,而不是過著奢華的生活到假釋,到外面繼續犯罪好回來享受納稅人的錢,過著甚至一些納稅人根本無法享受的生活待遇。」



喬對帳棚裡抱怨的囚犯說:「在伊拉克戰場上的美國士兵通常在四十八度到五十四度的溫度下作戰,而他們也住在帳棚裡。在熾熱的太陽底下全副武裝行軍,而且他們沒有犯任何的罪還要吃子彈,所以閉上你們的鳥嘴!」


關於死刑,以下是我的想法:


我個人支持逐步的推動廢除死刑。但在替代刑罰、死刑犯假釋條件這兩者未有共識之前,廢除死刑只是增加社會問題。


罪的本身


很多人舉陳進興在死前懺悔、得到上帝原諒的例子認為基督徒應該反對死刑。但馬太福音也有記載,上帝的歸上帝,凱薩的歸凱薩,靈魂上罪的赦免並不代表肉身的罪也可以一併免除。我看死刑犯的觀點是從人性本善出發,我認為,死刑犯之所以會犯下罪大惡極的錯誤,是因為家庭教育、人格成長環境、工作職業甚至交友等影響,是國家機器的失靈。所以法務部下設有矯正司,我認為藉由長時間的勞動與付出,讓死刑犯悔悟是必要的。一顆子彈或一條繩索並不能掩蓋人格塑造期教育介入失敗、社會環境造成死刑犯心態扭曲的事實。


社會對於犯罪者的觀念


如果回到西元前一七九二年,一個蘇美人眼睛被打瞎了,他一定會要求也要打瞎那個加害者的眼睛,而用錢財來賠償是件不可接受的事。這就是漢摩拉比法典著名的「以牙還牙、以眼還眼」的觀念。而後,法律在法制演化的漫漫長路中逐漸區分為民事責任、刑事責任,時至今日,孩童在學校因為打鬧嬉戲而刺傷眼睛,我們不會聽到家長要求一隻眼睛作為賠償吧?談論到用其他刑罰,比方如終身監禁不得假釋取代死刑,這個觀點還沒有演化成為社會共識或成為法律習慣。台灣唯美國馬首是瞻,根據非營利的死刑資訊中心提供的資料,美國去年執行了五十一位注射毒液死刑,在維吉尼亞州還有一位坐上電椅﹝就是電影“綠色奇蹟”中肉被電得啪滋啪滋的那種刑罰﹞還有停止執行死刑後,再度執行死刑。若干聲稱「廢除死刑是一種世界潮流」是最大的謊言。


推動廢除死刑的盲點


台灣推動廢除死刑聯盟喜歡把司法誤判列為一個推動廢死刑的因素,甚至國際特赦組織還拍了很多嚇人的影片宣稱在許多中南美州國家這些不該死的人都死了。司法改革是一回事,比方說邱和順與徐自強案突顯出台灣過去檢調辦案的粗糙與收集保存證據的草率,但時至今日的司法體制,如陳金火分屍女保險員等卻是罪證確鑿,台灣司法體系不像瓜地馬拉或烏干達等第三世界落後的國家,如果廢死聯盟把台灣放在同樣的類比,那要怎麼冀望替代刑罰的推動與執行?


替代刑罰


目前的死刑替代刑罰傾向是無期徒刑終身不得假釋。如果把那些罪大惡極的死刑犯戴上腳鐐,如同那位亞歷桑那州的警長一樣送去開挖中橫公路,在烈陽酷暑下一天勞動八個小時,我相信國際特赦組織對於「人權」這兩個字的概念會有不一樣的解釋。



【延伸閱讀】

我們反對死刑│台灣廢除死刑推動聯盟 ﹝有些觀點值得一讀,但有些卻破綻百出﹞
侯友宜︰死刑可具體遏止殺人犯罪│自由時報﹝犯罪第一線的觀點﹞

熱門文章